European Corridor Berlin-Warsaw

Station areas and barriers, borders, periph­eries and central­i­ties between Berlin and Warsaw
Universität Kassel
apl. Prof. Dr.-Ing. Harald Kegler
Dr. Arvid Krüger
Fachbereich Architektur, Stadtplanung, Landschaftsplanung

For this project, the Berlin-Warsaw area will be taken into consid­er­a­tion. It is a trans-Euro­pean corridor, along the route there are places with very different char­ac­ter­is­tics, which are to be consid­ered exem­plary as possible border­line cities (a possible thematic delim­i­ta­tion is made at the begin­ning of the project):

    • Warsaw-Praga is the eastern side of the Vistula, the unde­stroyed Warsaw with a special station area. At the same time, this district is a possible site for an IBA.
    • Poznan is the capital of the province “Greater Poland”, which was both the nucleus of the old Piast king­doms and a long-standing Prussian province. The railway station will be devel­oped into a central anchor in the city region.
    • Kostrzyn was an old Prussian fortress town, which was almost completely destroyed in World War II. In GDR times, the former district of Kietz became a village with almost 1000 inhab­i­tants on the insur­mount­able river border. The old town island with the fortress came to an even more isolated border loca­tion and was not rebuilt. Today, Kostrzyn is the end point of a suburban urban-rural railway line that runs to the Berlin Ostkreuz. At the same time, the city is the German starting point of the B1, the old impe­rial road from Königs­berg via Berlin to Aachen
    • Frank­furt (Oder) is one of those cities which today have both a German and a Polish part (Slubice). As a univer­sity city it supplies the needs of Berlin, as a border city the univer­sity there is a Euro­pean Univer­sity (Viad­rina). Today the Eurocity trains cross the Oder bridge here. Although the tram provides access to the Euro­pean Univer­sity Campus, it was not taken to Slubice after a citi­zens’ deci­sion (2006). At the same time there is an artists’ initia­tive in the border region called “Nova Amerika”, which has explic­itly made the border region its theme.
    • Fürsten­walde was the place where reloading was neces­sary: the Berlin Spree was no longer navi­gable from here to the east. Today the city marks an invis­ible border, namely that of the exurbs — between those Bran­den­burg commu­ni­ties close to Berlin that profit from the growth of the city as a suburban area and those commu­ni­ties far from Berlin that do not.

Within the corridor, each of these cities/​urban districts marks certain bound­aries where the char­acter of the region changes further west or east. What urban devel­op­ment policy chal­lenges exist there, and how do the actors attempt to deal with these chal­lenges? A central role is played by the railway stations or station surround­ings, which are the urban devel­op­mental crys­tal­liza­tion points where the crossing of borders becomes possible. These areas are the focus of the project.