European Corridor Berlin-Warsaw
Dr. Arvid Krüger
Fachbereich Architektur, Stadtplanung, Landschaftsplanung
For this project, the Berlin-Warsaw area will be taken into consideration. It is a trans-European corridor, along the route there are places with very different characteristics, which are to be considered exemplary as possible borderline cities (a possible thematic delimitation is made at the beginning of the project):
- Warsaw-Praga is the eastern side of the Vistula, the undestroyed Warsaw with a special station area. At the same time, this district is a possible site for an IBA.
- Poznan is the capital of the province “Greater Poland”, which was both the nucleus of the old Piast kingdoms and a long-standing Prussian province. The railway station will be developed into a central anchor in the city region.
- Kostrzyn was an old Prussian fortress town, which was almost completely destroyed in World War II. In GDR times, the former district of Kietz became a village with almost 1000 inhabitants on the insurmountable river border. The old town island with the fortress came to an even more isolated border location and was not rebuilt. Today, Kostrzyn is the end point of a suburban urban-rural railway line that runs to the Berlin Ostkreuz. At the same time, the city is the German starting point of the B1, the old imperial road from Königsberg via Berlin to Aachen
- Frankfurt (Oder) is one of those cities which today have both a German and a Polish part (Slubice). As a university city it supplies the needs of Berlin, as a border city the university there is a European University (Viadrina). Today the Eurocity trains cross the Oder bridge here. Although the tram provides access to the European University Campus, it was not taken to Slubice after a citizens’ decision (2006). At the same time there is an artists’ initiative in the border region called “Nova Amerika”, which has explicitly made the border region its theme.
- Fürstenwalde was the place where reloading was necessary: the Berlin Spree was no longer navigable from here to the east. Today the city marks an invisible border, namely that of the exurbs — between those Brandenburg communities close to Berlin that profit from the growth of the city as a suburban area and those communities far from Berlin that do not.
Within the corridor, each of these cities/urban districts marks certain boundaries where the character of the region changes further west or east. What urban development policy challenges exist there, and how do the actors attempt to deal with these challenges? A central role is played by the railway stations or station surroundings, which are the urban developmental crystallization points where the crossing of borders becomes possible. These areas are the focus of the project.